- Athena, is known as the Greek goddess of wisdom, household arts and crafts, spinning and weaving, textiles, and the inventor of the flute and the chariot. Athena, a goddess of war strategy, was the guardian of Athens, defender of heroes, and champion of justice and civil law.
By 550 B.C., the practice of striking and using coins was established throughout important trading centers of Greece. These included both the independent city-states inside Greece, as well as the colonies outside of Greece. The practice of using coins for commerce coincides with the beginning of the Classical Period of Greek art, architecture, and culture. The Greek Classical Period heavily influenced the cultures of ancient Rome, and had an enduring effect on European civilization. Indeed, much of modern politics, artistic thought, scientific thought, literature, and philosophy derives from this period.
This historical replica set presents the faces of Athena appearing on four ancient Greek coins. These double side replicas represent excellent examples of the Classical Period of Greek art.
Early portrait example of Athena from Attica
Obverse: Head of Athena wearing a crested helmet ornamented with olive leaves and scroll.
Reverse: Owl with single prong tail feathers, olive branch, and crescent.
Late portrait example from the Greek Classical Period struck in Luciana, Italy is a didrachm of Heraklia, 370-281 BCE
Obverse: Head of Athena wearing crested helmet with Scylla hurling stone.
Reverse: Herakles strangling a lion, owl to the right, club to the left.
Another good portrait example of the Greek Classical Period, struck in Syracuse, Sicily. Silver tetradrachm by Leonidas, 413 - 405 BCE
Obverse: Galloping quadriga driven by Persephone with torch. She is about to be crowned by Nike. Ear of corn above.
Reverse: Head of Athena with hair hanging in curls wearing a triple-crested helmet inscribed with the artist's signature. Four dolphins around her head.
Portrait example of Later Greek Classical Period from Illyra and Central Greece(City-State of Corinth), a Corinthian Stater, 400-350 BCE
Obverse: Pegasus facing left.
Reverse: Head of Athena wearing Corinhtian helmet over leather cap, circling her are three dolphins.
Each coin is stamped COPY on the reverse in compliance with the Hobby Protection Act.
- - Card set is: 5" x 7"
- Item #: SET220B